The fruit extract, also referred to as monk fruit or lo han guo, is about 200 times sweeter than sugar and is a natural zero-calorie sweetener. Extracts from lo han guo have been used for many years by local populations in southern China to treat colds, sore throats and minor stomach and intestinal complaints. Today, processors extract the natural sweetener from monk fruit by crushing the fruit and infusing it with hot water.
Monk Fruit is an extract of the Luo Han Guo fruit and mogroside V is the principal sweetening component. Other components include: mogroside II, mogroside III, mogroside IV, mogroside VI, flavonoids, melanoidins, and protein fragments. It is off-white to light yellow powder, and a non-nutritive sweetener. Monk Fruit Extract is freely soluble in water and is approximately 230-260 times sweeter than sucrose.